Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz

Rosemarie Trockel, Pyramids and Pomegranates

Entering Tirana with a cab, I'm looking for the houses that were painted by Edi Rama, the former artist mayor of Tirana who's now Albania's prime minister. That's how I know about Tirana in the first place, by seeing Anri Sala's video interview with the mayor about his project. "That was about ten years ago," Genti Gjikola, curator of the National Gallery of Arts tells me: "It's mostly gone."  Later I'm introduced to the artist Alban Hajdinaj, who made a critical video piece about the mayor turning the houses into his art work. In the video people are looking outside the window in these houses, as if they're looking at a colorful cinema screen that doesn't move. There was no remote control to switch channels. In the end, time was the only remedy.

By An Paenhuysen

Nobody knows what to do with the Pyramid of Tirana, also known as the Enver Hoxha Mausoleum. It's so enormously ugly, a concrete nightmare, that it's fascinating. I walk past it on my way from the hotel to the National Gallery. Its future is uncertain: some want it gone, whereas others want it to stay as a reminder. Next to the National Gallery is another reminder: one of the 750,000 bunkers that Hoxha built to protect the country from invasion. 

The Rosemarie Trockel show looks amazing in the spaces of the socialist architecture of the National Gallery of Arts. It was built in the 1970s. Next door is an example of 1930s fascist architecture of what used to be the grand Hotel Dajti. Genti tells me that in 2009 the Tirana Biennial took place in these hotel rooms. Now it's waiting to be renovated and turned into a bank. In Tirana, there seems to be a bank at every corner. A bit further on the road is the new Skanderbeg Square, designed by the Brussels architecture office 51N4E, using stones from all over Albania as a national symbol of some sort. Standing on the square the Dajti Mountain can be seen in the east. In a sidestreet I buy colorful knitted socks as souvenirs.

Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz
Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz

The press conference of the Rosemarie Trockel show takes place in the beautiful library of the museum. It has wooden furniture and big windows that are mirrored on the outside. Why were socialist architects so fond of mirroring glass? The mirror seems such a narcissistic thing. I go outside and take a selfie with palm trees in the background and I put it on Instagram. Once you put a human figure in a landscape, so an artist told me, it automatically dominates the view.

It surprises me how many journalists show up at the press conference. There's one main question and it's about feminism in Germany. I tell the story of how Rosemarie Trockel had a magazine together with Monika Sprüth in the 1980s. It was called Eau de Cologne and didn't feature any male artists. When asked by journalists, they said that no name had crossed their mind.

There's a lot of excitement going on for the opening of the Rosemarie Trockel show at the National Gallery in the evening. The President himself and the Minister of Culture are going to make an appearance at the opening. I have the last word, after the president, the minister of culture, the German ambassador, and the museum's director. But when I finally come to the content of the exhibition, I see at least half of the camera men turning away. Ulli Grötz is so nice to photograph my minute of fame before the press loses its patience. The next day Genti shows my picture in the newspaper. He says the exhibition was front news. 

Opening Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz

After the press conference, Genti brings Ulli and me to Gallery & Art Space Zeta, run by Valentina Koca. There's not a lot of art infrastructure in Tirana. No gallery system to speak of. Valentina opened her space ten years ago and it's still running, which is quite an achievement. Koca introduces us to three artists: Matilda Odobashi, Alketa Ramaj and Ledia Kostandini. Ledia just published a coloring book for adults. One image is called "façade outfit", which consist of a house fully dressed by laundry. It's common sight in Tirana, she says.

In the evening Ulli takes me for dinner in an area of the city that during the communist era was concealed from public view. It was called Blloku or "the Block". Today it's a trendy neighborhood and when we tell Genti later about our little trip, he cringes his nose and takes us to a bar in front of the Gallery of the Art Academy.

Universities of Arts are everywhere the same. The creative buzz seems to turn even the most neo-classicist fascist architecture into something alternative. I'm giving a workshop about Berlin art life. Upon entering the auditorium filled with about 80 students, I realize that this is not going to be a workshop. The students seem to be eager to enter the international art world, while the perspectives in Albania as an artist are meager. Afterwards we do portfolio viewing. I expected many artists to work with the country's history but this is not the case. The topics and approaches are very much international. And none of the students has trouble speaking English. They do so fluently indeed. 

Opening Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz
Opening Rosemarie Trockel Exhibition; National Art Gallery, Tirana © ifa / Ulli Grötz

The stoplight in Tirana is particular. Not only the light turns red but also the pole is illuminated. "We see the red light as a challenge", Genti tells me while we're crossing the street. The more visible a stopsign is, the more one tries to defy it.

It's pomegranate time here. There're yellow and red pomegranates. The yellow ones are more bitter than the red ones. On my flight to Tirana I laughed with the woman next to me who told me she brought pumpkins from Germany as a present for her family. But going back to Germany, I stuff my suitcases full with pomegranates.

About An Paenhuysen

The Berlin-based art historian, curator and author An Paenhuysen accompanies the exhibition since 2016 in form and content, together with Ulli Grötz, who is in charge for the installation. Besides the opening ceremony, press conference and guided tours An Paenhuysen also gave a workshop at the University of Arts and did a portfolio viewing with art students from Tirana. She reports with enthusiasm from her journey and about the experiences she made.

About the exhibition

The exhibition "Rosemarie Trockel" was opened on 24 October 2017 at the National Art Gallery in Tirana, in the context of the German October in Tirana. It is part of a series of monographic exhibitions in ifa's touring exhibition program and contains paper and photographic works, knitted pictures, sculptures and video works. "Rosemarie Trockel" is touring since 2003 but still addresses very current issues:  In her art Trockel formulates counterpositions to a largely male-dominated art scene by confronting the male artist-genius with feminine roles and subject matter. Her art expresses a fundamental critique of the prevailing art system.

Rosemarie Trockel – Köln: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2003. – 119 S.

Rosemarie Trockel. – Cologne: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2003. – 119 pp. – German with an insert in English

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