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What effect do international protection programmes have? How can civil society’s scope of action be shaped? In the Research Programme Martin Roth Initiative experts conduct research on current issues in the field of foreign cultural and educational policy. Therefore ifa awards three to six-month grants and research assignments to scientists and cultural activists from the areas of art, culture, policy and media. The results are published in studies and discussion papers: ifa Edition Culture and Foreign Policy | MRI Publications.
In 2018 ifa and the Goethe-Institut initiated the Martin Roth Initiative. The joint project sponsored by the German Federal Foreign Office supports artists and cultural activists as well as civil society actors by facilitating temporary protection stays in Germany and secure third countries.
These two research projects aim to map and analyse the working conditions of existing temporary relocation programmes for artists and cultural workers in different African and Latin American countries. What are success factors and challenges for local, regional and international protection programmes in the diverse contexts of the Global South? What support do existing initiatives in the arts and cultural sector in Latin America need to include politically persecuted artists? What, in turn, must protection programmes for human rights defenders in different African regions take into account to meet the specific needs of artists? What is needed to expand existing initiatives or create new ones? The research results are expected to be published in early 2021.
Laurence Cuny is a human rights lawyer, researcher and evaluator specialized in cultural rights and artistic freedom. She is a member of UNESCO's expert facility on the 2005 Convention on the diversity of cultural expressions. Her most recent publication is Freedom & Creativity: Defending Art, Defending Diversity, issued in May 2020.
Kara Blackmore is an anthropologist and curator who works at the intersections of art, heritage, displacement and post-conflict reconstruction. She has over 15 years of living and working experience in East and Southern Africa. She is affiliated to the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Safe return to their home countries is a key question for participants as well as for managers of shelter and relocation programmes. This study aims to identify challenges and best practice examples and give recommendations of how to support programme participants so that, after return, they are able to continue their activities and get involved again in their community. Which practical solutions and mechanisms should be included from the beginning for the planning of a safe return? Which subsequent follow-up care can be provided upon return, including security monitoring, peer-to-peer and support networks? The study will be published in 2020.
Stanley Seiden is a human rights researcher focused on the Middle East and East Asia. His professional work has included projects combating human trafficking, torture and inhumane treatment, and persecution of human rights defenders. He holds a Master's Degree in International Economics from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.
The physical and psychological wellbeing of human rights defenders is key to the sustainability of their difficult and demanding work. This publication supplements the 2019 Barcelona Guidelines that provide principles to guide the work of wellbeing support providers (e.g. coaches, therapists and mental health professionals) and coordinators of temporary international relocation initiatives. It collects best practices and concrete examples from different initiatives on the topics of social networks and support for relocated persons (such as recreational and educational activities, local friendship or professional networks, counselling or therapy), integration of wellbeing activities in relocation plans and wellbeing of staff and supporters of relocation initiatives. The publication will be issued in 2020.
Patricia Bartley is a research assistant at the Centre for Applied Human Rights (CAHR) of the University of York, where she has supported and managed the Centre's protective fellowship programme for human rights defenders at risk. She is a long term Amnesty International member and forms part of the Amnesty UK's East Africa & the Horn regional team and its Teacher Advisory Group. She has worked in Ethiopia and Eritrea as an Education Advisor.
More systematic collaboration between temporary international relocation initiatives is necessary to guarantee that persecuted civil society actors will be provided with protective relocation in the safest and most effective way. This research project aims at identifying conditions and next steps for a more formal and structural collaboration of existing and developing initiatives. It addresses questions of case referral systems, data protection and security standards, knowledge exchange and joint monitoring on safe return, inter alia. Interim results of this project were discussed by the community of practice at a workshop in November 2019, organized by Martin Roth-Initiative. The study will be published in 2020.
Nathalie van Schagen is a human rights scholar and co-founder of The Hague Peace Projects. In the past she worked, inter alia, as a Programme Manager for the African Diaspora Policy Centre and as a Programme Manager/Policy Officer Peace & Reconciliation for Justice and Peace Nederland in The Hague as well as the Regional Representative of Microjustice4All in Nairobi.
Civil society actors who stand up for human rights, freedom of expression, artistic freedom and democracy do not operate in a social vacuum. Their participation in a relocation programme affects their communities of origin, including their families, their colleagues and the local NGO scene. With the example of Kenya, this study sheds light on the impact that temporary shelter and protection programmes have on their participants´ home communities. Based on focus group discussions and individual interviews, it gives practical recommendations on how to support home communities and address challenges related to the relocation process. Interim results of this project were discussed by the community of practice at a workshop in November 2019, organized by Martin Roth-Initiative.
The study can be downloaded for free on ifa Publikationen.
Salome Nduta is the Director of programmes at the National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders Kenya (Defenders Coalition), an organisation which supports HRDs at risk. She has been a researcher on women HRDs in Kenya (gendered risks) as well as those working on extractives. She sits on the board of trustees of the human rights organisation Haki Africa and is the winner of the inaugural Scottish Bar International Award for human rights defenders 2018.
Patrick Mutahi is a scholar, researcher and human rights defender from Kenya. He is also a research fellow at the Centre for Human Rights and Policy Studies (CHRIPS) based in Kenya, where he works on research and policy issues relating to human rights, governance, urban crime and security. He is currently a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Due to shrinking civic spaces, the number of protection programmes for persecuted activists in the fields of human rights, journalism, arts and science has increased significantly. Based on numerous interviews with participants and managers of such international programmes, the study provides an overview of different models and addresses questions such as: How can temporary shelter and relocation programmes promote civil society initiatives and the critical cultural scene? How can their effectiveness be measured and improved? Which accompanying measures are particularly effective in ensuring a meaningful stay?
The study can be downloaded for free on ifa Publikationen.
Martin Jones is a senior lecturer in human rights law at CAHR and has ongoing research on the well-being of human rights defenders at risk, including those within relocation initiatives.
Dr. Alice Nah is a lecturer at CAHR and the Department of Politics of the University of York. She conducts research on the security and protection of human rights defenders at risk, and on asylum and migration in Asia.
Patricia Bartley is a research assistant at the Centre for Applied Human Rights (CAHR). She managed the Centre's protective fellowship programme for human rights defenders at risk.
Stanley Seiden is a human rights researcher focused on the Middle East and East Asia. His work has included projects combating human trafficking, torture and
inhumane treatment, and persecution of human rights defenders.