CULTURE AND CONFLICT
Interview with Shahid Rehmat
ifa | Shahid Rehmat is the founder of the non-governmental organisation "Youth Development Foundation" in Pakistan. The organisation fosters social cohesion in Pakistani society by initiating a youth-led movement to teardown socio-cultural, religious and communal barriers – cherishing the immense social diversity and countering violent extremism.
More Europe | Political scientist Asiem El Difraoui explores how cultural activities and of inter-cultural as well as inter-religious dialogue can help prevent and reduce violent extremism. The working paper includes recommendations for further exploration of the issue by policy-makers, cultural institutions and stakeholders.
Eman al-Awami documents her perspective on the situation in Yemen
zivik | Eman al-Awami was one of the thousands of Yemenis who were harmed by the ongoing war. She lost her job, had to change her daily routine, and had to say goodbye to a number of friends who left the country. Coffee was the only thing that remained the same and didn’t escape. In her photo series "Through the Eyes of Coffee", she reflects her view of the world through the small surface of her coffee in its cup. The series was published in Al-Madaniya, a magazine funded by the ifa progamme zivik.
Former Lebanese Combatants Promoting a Culture of Peace
ifa | For 15 years a civil war raged in Lebanon, until the Taif Peace Agreement sealed its end in 1989 and guaranteed a general amnesty for all those who were involved in the conflict. But the war is still a blind spot in Lebanese collective memory today. In the Lebanese organization Fighters for Peace, former combatants face the past and publicly advocate a culture of peace and reconciliation in Lebanon. The project is currently supported by the ifa funding programme zivik.
Interview with CrossCulture fellow Ashwaq Al-Gobi
ifa | 'While there is development in Germany, you can only find destruction in Yemen', says Ashwaq Al-Gobi. The young CrossCulture fellow comes from the crisis-ridden Yemen. Since 2015, the southernmost country of the Arabian Peninsula has been experiencing one of the world's biggest humanitarian crises. In November 2017, we met Ashwaq during our intercultural workshop to talk about the conflict in Yemen and her experiences in Germany.
Interview by Christina Palau
Research Programme "Culture and Foreign Policy"
ifa | Sanctions affect not only the political, but also the cultural relations between two countries. ifa's recently published study on the "Side Effects of Sanctions" identifies this clearly. In this discussion, author Christian von Soest gives an insight into the issues and background of, but also possible solutions for the strained relationship between sanctions and culture. For von Soest, cultural exchange represents the "lifeline" that is formed by social dialogue. He emphasises that the side effects from sanctions need not inevitably be negative; they could simultaneously be a fresh impetus for promoting enhanced civic commitment.
By Isabell Scheidt
In 'Theatre of the Oppressed', Iranian Ramshid Rashidpour aims to raise political awareness and combine it with a liberating educational function. The destination of the theatrical journey taken by the Iranian-German cast is not fixed, as the plot development and dialogue are largely determined by the audience. Only one thing is certain: 'Theatre of the Oppressed' merges democratic processes and shared ideas and solutions to create a promising entertainment format.
Reading in times of conflict
qantara.de | More than 3,500 books in Kurdish, Arabic and English can be found in the 'Book Cafe'. Rafan al-Ta'i opened this one of a kind café in Erbil despite procurement difficulties, financial barriers and the 'tumultuous security situation'. Regardless of many obstacles, she created a place that lets people forget what happens outside the cafe. By Sahar Moqaddem
qantara.de | 'This is our cultural heritage: We have to preserve it', says Wazhma Kurram a twenty-six year-old structural architect. Together with 50 other architects and engineers Wazhma works on site of Kabul’s Darul Aman Palace. Once built to house Afghanistan's parliament the building is currently in a war-torn state. As part of an entirely Afghan project Kurram and her colleagues aim to set a peaceful example in the midst of war. By Sandra Petersmann
A Fresh Look at Crisis Prevention
GPPi | After one year of various debates the summary of the project 'PeaceLab 2016' has been published. A diverse group of stakeholders from the German government, civil society, academia, and the parliament discussed different aspects of Germany's role in crisis prevention and peacebuilding. The project was initialized by the 'German Foreign Ministry' and various German ministers, such as former Foreign Minister Steinmeier, were part of the debates. The final report gives ideas for German government guidelines on this topic.
Comedy made in Gaza
Qantara.de | From Reham al-Kahlout’s point of view "comedy is the best way to get people to change". The 19-year-old Palestinian is the only woman in the young comedy troupe called "Bas ya zalma". Other than her male colleagues she has to cope with repeated harassment and criticism, but quitting is not an option for the fierce comedian. By Peter Münch
ifa | "In Lebanon, repression has become a permanent state of mind," says the journalist and Orientalist Monika Borgmann. With the archive "UMAM Documentation & Research", founded in 2004, she attempts to fill the gaps in the country's collective memory. In her latest documentary "Tadmor", former Lebanese detainees break their silence. The theatrical release at different cinemas in Switzerland starts on 9 March 2017.
Interview by Juliane Pfordte
Culture Report, EUNIC Yearbook
The cities that hosted Euro 2012 are currently at war, despite the ceasefire. There is now fighting in places where the ideals of friendship between peoples were once celebrated. Hopes that Ukraine could move a step closer to central Europe by hosting this mega sports event in conjunction with Poland have been shattered. What remains? Writer and football fan Serhij Zhadan reports from a war-weary country on the outer edges of Europe.
By Serhij Zhadan
"MYCAI – My Cairo" is the title of the book published by Jörg Armbruster in late 2014 with the Syrian, German-speaking writer Suleman Taufiq. On the occasion of the book launch in the ifa Gallery in Stuttgart, we spoke with him about his Cairo, the "Arab Spring" and his long-standing work as ARD foreign correspondent for the Middle East.
Interview by Juliane Pfordte
ifa | Leila Mousa, ifa expert for the 'Foreign Cultural and Educational Policy in refugee camps' research project.
Interview by Dorothea Grassmann