Two German Architectures 1949-1989

Culture and Faith

Collective patterns of understanding and interpreting terms like people, race, nation, honour or faith had been compromised as a result of their appropriation and misuse by the Nazis. After Auschwitz, Germans on both sides felt a special need for intellectual and spritual renewal so that in both systems, cultural and religious questions drew increased public attention. In the Federal Republic this took the form of a thorough review of Christian traditions and a demonstrative opening towards the values of western individualist culture and a market economy, while in the GDR there was a deliberate return to those elements of the national cultural heritage which were seen as 'progressive', accompanied by a universal reorientation toward international understanding and cultural exchange, above all with the Socialist partner states.

Cultural Forums

Campus and high-rise of the Karl Marx University, Leipzig; 1968 – 1975; architects: Helmut Ullmann / Eberhard Göschel / Volker Sieg / Rudolf Skoda

Campus and high-rise of the Karl Marx University, Leipzig

Leipzig, 1968–1975
Architects: Helmut Ullmann, Eberhard Göschel, Volker Sieg, Rudolf Skoda

Opera House, Leipzig; 1954 – 1960; architects: Kunz Nierade, Kurt Hemmerling

Opera House, Leipzig

Leipzig, 1954–1960
Architects: Kunz Nierade, Kurt Hemmerling

New National Gallery, Berlin-Tiergarten; 1962 – 1968; architect: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

New National Gallery, Berlin

Berlin-Tiergarten, 1962–1968
Architect: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

National Theatre, Mannheim; 1954 – 1957; architect: Gerhard Weber

National Theatre, Mannheim

Mannheim, 1954–1957
Architect: Gerhard Weber

Cultural centre of the state-run steel works 'Maxhütte', Unterwellenborn; 1952 – 1955; architects: Hanns Hopp, Josef Kaiser

Cultural centre of the state-run steel works 'Maxhütte', Unterwellenborn

Unterwellenborn, 1952–1955
Architects: Hanns Hopp, Josef Kaiser

Schirn Art Centre, Frankfurt/M.; 1980 – 1986; architects: Dietrich Bangert, Bernd Jansen, Stefan Scholz, Axel Schultes

Schirn Art Centre, Frankfurt/M.

Frankfurt/M., 1980–1986
Architects: Dietrich Bangert, Bernd Jansen, Stefan Scholz, Axel Schultes

Churches and Synagogues

Catholic Pilgrimage Chruche St. Anna, Düren, 1951–1956; architect: Rudolf Schwarz

Catholic Pilgrimage Church St. Anna, Düren

Düren, 1951–1956
Architect: Rudolf Schwarz