Two German Architectures 1949-1989
Architectural Discourses

Apart from the building commission that resulted from the respective historic, social and economic contexts and required specific solutions, architects developed independent discourses about suitable contemporary form and design which would be relatively independent of material considerations and follow architecture's own laws. The personal design philosophy of the architets and their choice of means of expression was essentially influenced by their own artistic sensibilities and knowledge of current international developments, or the requirements of new production techniques, even in the face of constricted national ideological premises and socio-political systems in either East or West. Thus the whole range of these discourses only becomes evident when the concept, i.e. the paper-project, becomes part of the equation parallel to the completed structure.

International Building Exhibitions

Eternit House, Berlin-Tiergarten; apartment building in the Hansaviertel with exhibition space as part of the 'Interbau'; 1957; architeckt: Paul Baumgarten

Eternit House, Berlin

Apartment building in the Hansaviertel with exhibition space as part of the 'Interbau'
Berlin - Tiergarten, 1957
Architect: Paul Baumgarten

Congress Hall, Berlin-Tiergarten; Congress hall and event centre on the edge of the Tiergarten as part of the 'Interbau'; 1957; architect: Hugh Stubbins

Congress Hall, Berlin

Congress hall and event centre on the edge of the Tiergarten as part of the 'Interbau'
Berlin - Tiergarten, 1957
Architect: Hugh Stubbins

Bonjour Tristesse, Berlin-Kreuzberg; apartment building in block 121, SO36 as part of the 'International Building Exhibition' (IBA); 1980 – 1983; architect: Alvaro Siza

Bonjour Tristesse, Berlin

Apartment building in block 121, SO36 as part of the 'International Building Exhibition' (IBA)
Berlin-Kreuzberg, 1980–1983
Architect: Alvaro Siza

House at 'Checkpoint Charlie', Berlin-Kreuzberg; Apartment building right next to 'Checkpoint Charlie' as part of the 'International Building Exhibition' (IBA); 1981 – 1989; architects: OMA (Elia Zenghelis, Rem Koolhaas, Matthias Sauerbruch)

House at 'Checkpoint Charlie', Berlin

Apartment building right next to 'Checkpoint Charlie' as part of the 'International Building Exhibition' (IBA)
Berlin - Kreuzberg, 1981 – 1989
Architects: OMA (Elia Zenghelis, Rem Koolhaas, Matthias Sauerbruch)

New Structural Systems

Central Market, Hamburg, wholesale market hall of RC multiple-curved shells supported by parabolic arches spanning 48 m each, Hamburg 1954 – 1962;

Central Market, Hamburg

Wholesale market hall of RC multiple-curved shells supported by parabolic arches spanning 48 m each
Hamburg, 1954 – 1962
Architects: Bernhard Hermkes, Gerhart Becker
Implementation: Gottfried Schramm, Jürgen Elingius, Harald Peters, Jost Schramm
Structural engineer: Ulrich Finsterwalder

Bus depot, Berlin-Weißensee; repair shop, part of the bus depot of the Berlin Transport Corporation; the suspende roof structure spans over 50 m, Berlin-Weißensee 1956 – 1966; architects: Horst Schoebel, Rudolf Knippel, Karl-Heinz Reitzig, Günther Fr

Bus Depot, Berlin

Repair shop, part of the bus depot of the Berlin Transport Corporation; the suspende roof structure spans over 50 m
Berlin-Weißensee, 1956 – 1966
Architects: Horst Schoebel, Rudolf Knippel, Karl-Heinz Reitzig, Günther Frank

Critical Contextualism

Institute of Journalism, Eichstätt; insertion of an autonomous contemporary university institute into a historic urban ensemble, in dialogue with the adjacent baroque orangery, Eichstätt, 1985 – 1987; architect: Karl-Josef Schattner

Institute of Journalism, Eichstätt

Insertion of an autonomous contemporary university institute into a historic urban ensemble, in dialogue with the adjacent baroque orangery
Eichstätt, 1985 – 1987
Architect: Karl-Josef Schattner